A portrait of Welsh slave owner Sir Thomas Picton labelling him a hero has been removed by National Museum Wales.
Picton has been celebrated as a hero who died at the Battle of Waterloo.
But as governor of Trinidad, he abused the slaves he owned and was known as a tyrant even at the time.
The portrait at the Cardiff museum has been put in storage and two artists with Trinidadian roots have been commissioned to “re-frame” the legacy to give more context about his life.
Scrutiny of memorials to Picton has intensified since the growth of the Black Lives Matter movement in 2020, and Cardiff council voted to remove a marble statue of him from its Hall of Heroes at City Hall.
The painting of Sir Thomas Picton which hung in the National Museum in Cardiff was a gift from the Earl of Plymouth in 1907 but is much older, and is believed to have been hung in the Royal Academy in London in 1816.
Picton, who was born in Haverfordwest in 1758, had long been remembered as the highest-ranking British officer to fall at the Battle of Waterloo in 1815.
But as governor of Trinidad in the 1790s and early 1800s, he authorised the use of torture on local people, including 14-year-old Luisa Calderon who was accused of stealing.
The incident led to him being ordered to return home to stand trial in London. He was convicted but later had the decision overturned.
Picton’s portrait has been replaced in the Faces of Wales Gallery with another portrait titled Hedger and Ditcher: Portrait of William Lloyd.
It was painted by Dutch artist Albert Houthuesen who was fascinated with the working life of the colliers in Trelogan, Flintshire, while on holiday in the area with his wife in the 1930s.